Organ donation is a procedure to remove a tissue or an organ surgically from a person, known as the organ donor and placing into another person, called the recipient. Transplantation becomes necessary when the organ of the recipient has either failed or has been damaged due to an injury or disease. It’s a great advancement in the field of modern medicine. The need for organ donation is much higher compared to the people who can actually donate. Every day, many people wait for organs transplants that can save their lives. According to the experts, organs from a donor can save almost 50 people.
The organs and tissues that you can donate include the liver, kidneys, heart, lungs, intestines, pancreas, cornea, skin, middle ear, bone marrow, and connective tissue. Most of the organ donation in Indiana happens after the death of the donor; however, there are some tissues and organs that can be donated when the donor is alive. People from all background and of all ages are eligible to become the organ donors. If you’re below the age of 18 years, then either your parent or guardian should give consent for becoming a donor. However, if you’re 18 years or more, you can be a donor, and for this, you have to sign a donor card.
Living organ donation was developed due to a critical shortage of the deceased donors. It’s a chance to save lives when you’re alive. There are different kinds of living donation including directed donation, non-directed donation, and paired donation. In a directed donation, a donor names the person specifically to whom they are donating and who shall receive the transplant. This is the commonest kind of living donation. In this case, the donor can be a biological relative like a parent, sister, brother, or an adult child. A donor can be an unrelated person too like a spouse, or a coworker, or a friend.
In a non-directed living donation, the donor is not known or related to the recipient but still makes the donation selflessly. Here, the match is arranged with the donor and the recipient based on medical compatibility. Some of the non-directed donors opt never to meet the recipients. In some cases, both can meet if both of them agree to meet and if the transplant policy of the center permits it. The paired donation, also called paired exchange involves minimum two pairs of living donors as well as recipients whose blood types do not match.
Who can turn out to be donors?
The living donors should be more than 18 years of age and should be in overall good mental and physical health. Some of the medical conditions may prevent you from being a donor. Some of the health conditions of a donor may harm the recipient, so it’s crucial that a living donor shares every information regarding his mental and physical health. You should be completely informed of all the medical risks pertaining to organ donation in Indiana. The decision to donate an organ must be voluntary and free of guilt or pressure.